Cemetery Interment Books (1846-1979)
The original volumes of the
Nashville City Cemetery are in the collection of
the Metropolitan Governmental Archives. These
volumes are too fragile to be used by
researchers. To make this important information
available to the public, the Metro Archives and
the Nashville Town Committee of Colonial Dames
sponsored a joint project. The Dames provided
funding to the Friends of Metro Archives so that
an intern could be engaged to prepare a
completely new transcription of the Interment
Books. Ken Fieth, Director of the Metro
Archives, set up the computer database. Sarah
Meacham, a graduate student in the MTSU Center
for Historic Preservation, was engaged for this
database entry work. Her endeavors were
supported by Metro archivists Debie Cox and
Linda Center. The final proofing for corrections
and additions to the entries was provided by
Colonial Dames volunteers Fletch Coke and Bertie
Shriver. The proofing was completed in December
2006. Because of the very large size of the
entries, Ken Fieth asked the Nashville Public
Library to post the 19,745 interments on its web
site. With special thanks to Donna Nicely,
Director, Nashville Public Library, and to
Suliang Feng, head of Technical Services, the
Interment Books went online on the Nashville
Public Library web site in November 2007.
Helpful Hints to Using the Interment Books
Burials prior to 1846. The City Cemetery
opened in 1822, but no Interment records exist
prior to 1846.
Tombstones. Every person listed in the
Interment Books does not have a tombstone at the
City Cemetery. Of 19,745 burial entries, there
are only 3,000 tombstones in the cemetery today.
Wooden markers did not last long. Other stone
markers have been destroyed by weathering or
lost over time. Visit “Inscriptions” on this web
site for tombstones with legible inscriptions.
Removals. Occasionally graves and
monuments were relocated to other cemeteries.
The Interment Books did not report these
removals. Visit “Interments”
on this web site and click-on Removals for a list of
some of these re-interred to other cemeteries.
Spellings. In this new transcription,
entries were transcribed exactly as spelled in
the Interment Books. Often there were
misspellings of even the names of Nashville’s
most prominent citizens such as “Eweing” for
“Ewing” and Rutlege” for “Rutledge.” In using
the search engine to look for a family name, it
is advisable to try various spellings.
Interments 1846 - 1979. Burials were
recorded in the City Cemetery Interment Books
from 1846-1979. Beginning in 1979, 30 burials
have been listed in the records at the Metro
Diseases. There are many diseases listed
in the Interment Books which are unfamiliar to
us today. To learn more about 19th century
diseases, visit the web site of Wikipedia, the
free encyclopedia or see the Ancient Diseases
section of this website. In the Interment Books,
there were different spellings of the same
Glossary of Abbreviations & Terms. To
understand the meanings of abbreviations and
terms, Visit the Specific Terms in this section.
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Explanation of Entries in the Interment Books
Cemetery Interment Book for this burial
Number. Number on the computer data base for
Date. Date of burial. Not the date of death
Name. Name of the deceased. Children under 6
years of age were usually called “Infants.”
Age. The age of the deceased at the time of
Sex. Male or Female
Race. White. Mulatto. Negro. Colored. Indian.
These terms were used by the Sextons.
Residence. Permanent residence of the deceased
at the time of death. City meant City of Nashville. Country
meant outside the City of Nashville limits.
County meant Davidson County. Other towns, counties & states were also
listed. Note: In the 19th century, people were sent to the Insane Asylum for many reasons other than mental
illness, such as serious head injury, old age,
senility and no means to care for the person at home.
Disease. Cause of death of the deceased.
Location. The burial site was identified by the
nearest Avenue on the City Cemetery map of the
interior carriage roads or hearse roads.
Lot. Sexton recorded “Lot” if the burial took
place on a private lot. In this column, other
places were also identified:
Vault for public vault, Shelby Vault or other
named family Vault (these were above ground
mausoleums or underground vaults), old grave for a burial on a
former grave site, pauper lot for person unable
to pay for a grave site,
“50” for payment of
a 50 cents lot, “200” for payment of a $2.00
Remarks. The Sexton added information about the
deceased, such as family connections, the
occupation of the
deceased, local official office or military
rank, the place of an accidental death such as
on a steamboat.
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Specific Terms Definitions
|| burial lots were located by the nearest
"Avenue" on cemetery map
| bespoke by J. Corbitt, Esq.
|| burial fees to be paid by J. Corbitt,
|| wooden burial box
|| box paid
|| brick lining to grave
| brick vault
|| brick vault above and around the grave
| brick work
|| brick work for base of tombstone
| brought from below
|| exact meaning not determined
| burial in Catholic Cemetery
|| located on 5 acres at southwest corner
of City Cemetery
| buried by Odd Fellows
|| buried by Independent Order of Odd
| buried by Temple of Honor
|| special services provided by fraternal
| buried in a box
|| buried in a wooden box
| cadet Western Military Institute
|| Western Military Institute opened in
| Catholic Asylum
|| renamed St. Mary's Orphanage in 1863
| charge to C. R. Cornelius
|| burial fees to be charged to undertaker
C. R. Cornelius
| charge to Father Scatch
|| burial fees to be paid by Catholic
Church ( Father Schacht))
| charge to Grooms & Combs
|| burial fees to be charged to undertakers
Grooms & Combs
| charge to R. H. Grooms
|| burial fees to be charged to undertaker
R. H. Grooms
| charge to Sons of Temperance
|| burial fees to be paid by Sons of
| charge to Tennessee Hospital
|| See Tennessee Hospital for the Insane
| charged to Relief Committee
|| Provided by City or Corporation which
operated the cemetery
|| abbreviation for "Junior"
|| abbreviation for "country";
|| person who made or repaired casks and
|| a spelling for "coronor"
| Corporation hand
|| person employed by City Cemetery
| Cumberland Lodge No. 8
|| Masonic Lodge. Established in Nashville
|| abbreviation for "Deceased"
| deposited in the Currin vault
|| deceased interred in Currin vault at
| deposited in vaultt
|| deceased deposited in vault. City Vault
| died below
|| exact meaning not determined
| dug the grave themselves
|| Sexton was not paid to dig the grave
|| abbreviation for East Nashville (also
|| City across Cumberland River from
|| a spelling for "Asylum"
| Fees to be paid by Wm.Jennings
|| burial fees to be paid by a particular
|| African-Americans who were free before
| free child of color
|| Interment Books used this term until
| free man of color
|| Interment Books used this term until
| free woman of color
|| Interment Books used this term until
| Freeman's Lot
|| Masonic Lot at City Cemetery. Reserved
|| member of a Masonic Lodge
| from Blind Institution
|| established in Nashville in 1846
| from Medical College
|| opened by University of Nashville in
| from Memphis, to be removed
|| deceased to be removed for reburial in
| from steamboat Bolivar
|| deceased was brought from steamboard
| from the college
|| University of Nashville opened 1824
| from work house
|| deceased died in work house
| G. L. of Tenn. OOF
|| abbreviation for Grand Lodge of
| Grand Lodge of Tennessee
|| Masons. Established in Nashville 1813
| grave on Turner lot
|| burial lot identified by name of lot
| Infant slave to J. Brown
|| burial fees paid by owner J. Brown
|| Independent Order of Odd Fellows.
Instituted in Nashville 1839
| Knowles Home for the Aged
|| burial lot on Central Avenue, City
| L & N RR
|| Louisville & Nashville Railroad
| L. A.
|| abbreviation for Lunatic Asylum
| lic burial ground
|| abbreviation for Catholic burying
ground, adjoining City Cemetery
| lot 10 x 40
|| measurement of the size of a family lot
| Masonic Lot
|| Lot reserved for burials of Masons
| member of Macani Assoc.
|| Mechanics Association formed in
| Memphis & C RR
|| Memphis & Chattanooga Railroad
| military student
|| see Western Military Institute
| N & C RR
|| Nashville & Chattanooga Railroad
| Nashville Fire Company
|| first Fire companies organized in
| Nashville Inn
|| Original Inn opened on the Nashville
Public Square in 1796
| Negro Ground/ Negro Lot
|| burial area set aside for
| Odd Fellows
|| See IOOF
| old grave
|| buried in a former burial site
| old ground
|| buried in former burial area
| on Cornelius lot
|| lot owned by undertaker Cornelius
| ordered by Mayor
|| Mayor ordered burials of paupers and
| Orphans Lot
|| burial area set aside for orphans
|| abbreviation for fees "paid" for burial
| P.O.A. or P.O.
|| abbreviations for Protestant Orphan
Asykum. Est. Nashville 1845
|| no means of support, dependent on
| Pest House
|| In Nashviille mid-1800s for care of
people with infectious diseases
|| uremic poisoning or poisoning by suicide
| public vault
|| deceased interred in vault at City
|| person seeking shelter in Nashville
during the Civil War
| removed from Calvary vault
|| deceased was re-interred from Calvary
Cem vault to City Cem.
| removed from Greenwood vault
|| deceased was re-interred from Greenwood
Cem vault to City Cem.
| removed from Memphis
|| re-interred from Memphis to Nashville
| removed from Mt. Olivet
|| deceased was re-interred from Mt. Olivet
Cemetery to City Cem.
| removed from New Orleans
|| deceased brought from New Orleans for
| removed from the country
|| deceased to be re-buried in City
Cemetery from family graveyard
| returned soldier from Mexico
|| Mexican War 1846-1847. U.S. vs. Mexico
| Robertson Assoc. will pay 6.00
|| possibly connected to local
philanthropist Duncan Robertson
| S of T No. 30
|| abbreviation for Sons of Temperance No.
|| abbreviation for South Nashvillee
|| person who made saddles and other
equipment for horses
| same grave, mother & infant
|| mother and infant buried in the same
| sent out by the Corporation
|| Corporation operated the City Cemetery
|| Beginning 11-20-1852, slaves were called
servants in interments
|| see separate listing of Sextons of the
| sextons fees paid
|| Sexton at City Cemetery in charge of
burials & Interment Books
| Slave of J.Brown & Union Hall
|| burial fees paid by owners J. Brown &
| Smiley Lodge IOOF
|| Odd Fellows. Smiley Lodge instituted in
South Nashville 1854
|| abbreviation for "Senior"
| Soldier Ground
|| Gravesites of former Federal soldiers
re-used after 1869 for new burials
| son of Daniel Watkins, free
|| child was son of a freeman before the
| Son of Temperance
|| Independent Order of Good Templars
(Temperance) Est. Nashville 1847
| Southern Soldiers Ground
|| burial area set aside for Confederate
| spoken for by J. Morrow, D.D.
|| fees to be paid by Pastor Morrow
| spoken for by McCombs
|| fees to be paid by undertaker McCombs
| St. Cloud Hotel
|| well known hotel located on Church
| stone cutter from Capitol Hill
|| stone cutter employed to build State
| Strangers Ground
|| burial area set aside for wayfarers to
|| person who followed an army and sold
provisions to soldiers
|| a spelling for "Asylum"
| taken to the country
|| deceased to be re-interred in family
graveyard in country
| Tenn. Hospital for the Insane
|| on Murfreesboro Pike. Opened in
| to be taken to Mill Creek
|| deceased to be reburied at Mill Creek
Baptist Cem., Nashville
| to be taken to Mississippi
|| deceased to be reburied in Mississippi
| to be taken to Mt. Olivet
|| deceased to be reburied at Mt. Olivet
| Trabue No. 10 IOOF
|| Odd Fellows. Trabue No.10 instituted in
|| See separate listing of undertakers in
| vaults (family)
|| Vaults owned by Shelby, Currin, Johnson,
McNairy & other familiea
|| vault paid
| Weakley's Tavern
|| local tavern where person died
| wishes a lot 20 x 40
|| person wished to purchase a burial lot
measuring 20 ft. x 40 ft.
|Prepared by Fletch Coke 12-10-2007
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Interments 2000 -2007
9-16-2000. Mary Humes Meadors July 1,
1913 – Sept. 14, 2000
Section 18. Boyd Lot. Lot 8
Harlan Perry Howard September 8, 1927 - March 3, 2002
Section 20 Lot 21
9-1-2007. Gaytha Lamb-Luck May 4,
1944 – Aug. 30, 2007
Section 4. Martin C. Cotton Lot. Lot 2
Sextons & Years of Service
1822 – 1846 Alpha Kingsley
1847 – 1848 Smith Criddle
1849 – 1854 Benjamin Clements
1855 – 1862 Martin O. Cotton
1862 - T. M. McBride
1862 – 1865 George W. Norvell
1868 - James W. Pratt
1874 – 1879 Daniel M. Martin
1880 – 1888 William T. Perry
1889 – 1911 Daniel M. Martin
1912 – 1917 John B. Norman
1918 – 1937 Charles H. Wallace
1937 – 1944 Delbert C. Puckett
1948 – 1955 Robert I. Taylor
1956 – 1974 Douglas A. Pardue
1977 – 1978 Wesley Paine, Metro Board of
1979 – 1982 Naomi Levia, Metro Board of
1982 – present Metro Historical
List of Sextons prepared by Carole Bucy.
Sexton. The job of the Sexton at
the City Cemetery was difficult. He was
in charge of arrangements for all
burials, in having the graves dug prior
to funerals and filled after interments,
in keeping the Interment Books and in
collecting the fees for burials. During
periods of Epidemics this was unending
work. We must be grateful to the
endeavors of the Sextons in faithfully
keeping the Interment Books at the City
Cemetery so that we have knowledge of
the many people who were buried in this
cemetery. Today of the 19,745
burials in the Interment Books, only a
fraction have tombstones. Of the 3,000
tombstones in the cemetery, in 2006,
only 2000 tombstones had legible
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Undertakers and Funeral Homes
Cole & Garrett
Combs, M. S. & Co.
Cornelius, C. R.
Finley - Dorris
Grooms, R. H.
Grooms & Combs
Peters & Pisen
Roach, John C. & Co.
W. R. C. & Co. (W.R. Cornelius & Co.)
Glossary of Ancient Diseases
Abscess: A localized collection of pus
buried in tissues, organs, or confined
spaces of the body, often accompanied by
swelling and inflammation and frequently
caused by bacteria. See boil.
Addison's disease: A disease
characterized by severe weakness, low
blood pressure, and a bronzed coloration
of the skin, due to decreased secretion
of cortisol from the adrenal gland.
Synonyms: Morbus addisonii, bronzed skin
Ague: Malarial or intermittent fever
characterized by paroxysms (stages of
chills, fever, and sweating at regularly
recurring times) and followed by an
interval or intermission of varying
duration. Popularly, the disease was
known as "fever and ague," "chill
fever," "the shakes," and by names
expressive of the locality in which it
was prevalent--such as, "swamp fever"
(in Louisiana), "Panama fever," and
Ague-cake: A form of enlargement of the
spleen, resulting from the action of
malaria on the system.
American Plague: yellow fever
Anasarca: Generalized massive dropsy.
Apoplexy: paralysis due to stroke
Aphthae: See thrush.
Aphthous stomatitis: See canker.
Ascites: See dropsy.
Asthenia: See debility.
Bad Blood: Syphilis
Bilious fever: A term loosely applied to
certain intestinal and malarial fevers.
Biliousness: A complex of symptoms
comprising nausea, abdominal discomfort,
headache, and constipation--formerly
attributed to excessive secretion of
bile from the liver.
Blood Poisoning: Septicemia
Boil: An abscess of skin or painful
inflammation of the skin or a hair
follicle usually caused by a
staphylococcal infection. Synonym:
Brain fever: See meningitis, typhus.
Bright's Disease: Glomerulonephritis
Bronchial asthma: A disorder of
breathing, characterized by spasm of the
bronchial tubes of the lungs, wheezing,
and difficulty in breathing air
outward--often accompanied by coughing
and a feeling of tightness in the chest.
Camp fever: See typhus.
Cancer: A malignant and invasive growth
or tumor. In the nineteenth century,
cancerous tumors tended to ulcerate,
grew constantly, and progressed to a
fatal end and that there was scarcely a
tissue they would not invade. Synonyms:
malignant growth, carcinoma.
Cancrum otis: A severe, destructive,
eroding ulcer of the cheek and lip. In
the last century it was seen in
delicate, ill-fed, ill-tended children
between the ages of two and five. The
disease was the result of poor hygiene.
It was often fatal. The disease could,
in a few days, lead to gangrene of the
lips, cheeks, tonsils, palate, tongue,
and even half the face; teeth would fall
from their sockets. Synonyms: canker,
water canker, noma, gangrenous
stomatitis, gangrenous ulceration of the
Canker: An ulcerous sore of the mouth
and lips, not considered fatal today.
Synonym: aphthous stomatitis. See
Catarrh: Inflammation of a mucous
membrane, especially of the air passages
of the head and throat, with a free
discharge. Bronchial catarrh was
bronchitis; suffocative catarrh was
croup; urethral catarrh was gleet;
vaginal catarrh was leukorrhea; epidemic
catarrh was the same as influenza.
Synonyms: cold, coryza.
Chlorosis: iron deficiency anemia
Cholera: An acute, infectious disease
characterized by profuse diarrhea,
vomiting, and cramps. Cholera is spread
by feces-contaminated water and food.
Major epidemics struck the United States
in the years 1832, 1849, and 1866. .
Cholera infantum: A common, noncontagious diarrhea of young
children, occurring in summer or autumn.
It was common among the poor and in
hand-fed babies. Death frequently
occurred in three to five days.
Synonyms: summer complaint, weaning
brash, water gripes, choleric fever of
children, cholera morbus.
Chorea: Any of several diseases of the
nervous system, characterized by jerky
movements that appear to be well
coordinated but are performed
involuntarily, chiefly of the face and
extremities. Synonym: Saint Vitus'
Colic: Paroxysmal pain in the abdomen or
bowels. Infantile colic is benign
paroxysmal abdominal pain during the
first three months of life. Colic rarely
caused death. Renal colic can occur from
disease in the kidney, gallstone colic
from a stone in the bile duct.
Congestion: An excessive or abnormal
accumulation of blood or other fluid in
a body part or blood vessel. In
congestive fever the internal organs
become gorged with blood.
Congestive Fever: malaria
Consumption: A wasting away of the body;
formerly applied especially to pulmonary
tuberculosis. Synonyms: marasmus (in the
mid-nineteenth century), phthisis.
Convulsions: Severe contortion of the
body caused by violent, involuntary
muscular contractions of the
extremities, trunk, and head. See
Coryza: See catarrh.
Croup: Any obstructive condition of the
larynx (voice box) or trachea
(windpipe), characterized by a hoarse,
barking cough and difficult breathing
occurring chiefly in infants and
children. In the early-nineteenth
century it was called cynanche
trachealis. The crouping noise was
similar to the sound emitted by a
chicken affected with the pip, which in
some parts of Scotland was called roup;
hence, probably, the term croup.
Synonyms: roup, hives, choak, stuffing,
rising of the lights.
Debility: Abnormal bodily weakness or
feebleness; decay of strength. This was
a term descriptive of a patient's
condition and of no help in making a
diagnosis. Synonym: asthenia.
Diphtheria: An acute infectious disease
acquired by contact with an infected
person or a carrier of the disease. It
was usually confined to the upper
respiratory tract (throat) and
characterized by the formation of a
tough membrane (false membrane) attached
firmly to the underlying tissue that
would bleed if forcibly removed. In the
nineteenth century the disease was
occasionally confused with scarlet fever
Dropsy: A contraction for hydropsy. The
presence of abnormally large amounts of
fluid. Congestive heart failure
Dysentery: A term given to a number of
disorders marked by inflammation of the
intestines (especially of the colon).
There are two specific varieties: (1)
amebic dysentery (2) bacillary
dysentery. Synonyms: flux, bloody flux,
contagious pyrexia (fever), frequent
Eclampsia: A form of toxemia (toxins--or
poisons--in the blood) accompanying
pregnancy. See dropsy.
Effluvia: Exhalations. In the
mid-nineteenth century, they were called
"vapours" and distinguished into the
contagious effluvia, such as rubeolar
(measles); marsh effluvia, such as
Emphysema, pulmonary: A chronic,
irreversible disease of the lungs.
Enteric fever: See typhoid fever.
Epilepsy: A disorder of the nervous
system, characterized either by mild,
episodic loss of attention or sleepiness
(petittnal) or by severe convulsions
with loss of consciousness (grand mal).
Synonyms: falling sickness, fits.
Erysipelas: An disease. Synonyms: Rose,
Saint Anthony's Fire (from its burning
heat or, perhaps, because Saint Anthony
was supposed to cure it miraculously).
Fatty Liver: Cirrhosis
Flux: See dysentery.
Furuncle: See boil.
Gangrene: Death and decay of tissue in a
part of the body--usually a limb--due to
injury, disease, or failure of blood
supply. Synonym: mortification.
Glandular Fever: Mononucleosis
Gleet: See catarrh.
Gravel: A disease characterized by small
stones which are formed in the kidneys,
passed along the ureters to the bladder,
and expelled with the urine. Synonym:
Grippe: an old term for influenza
Hectic fever: A daily recurring fever
with profound sweating, chills, and
flushed appearance-- often associated
with pulmonary tuberculosis or septic
Hives: A skin eruption of smooth,
slightly elevated areas on the skin
which is redder or paler than the
surrounding skin. Often attended by
severe itching. Also called cynanche
trachealis. In the mid-nineteenth
century, hives was a commonly given
cause of death of children three years
and under. Because true hives does not
kill, croup was probably the actual
cause of death in those children.
Hospital fever: See typhus.
Hydrocephalus: See dropsy.
Hydrothorax: See dropsy.
Icterus: See jaundice.
Inanition: Exhaustion from lack of
Infection: In the early part of the last
century, infections were thought to be
the propagation of disease by effluvia
(see above) from patients crowded
together. "Miasms" were believed to be
substances which could not be seen in
any form--emanations not apparent to the
senses. Such miasms were understood to
act by infection.
Inflammation: Redness, swelling, pain,
tenderness, heat, and disturbed function
of an area of the body. In the last
century, cause of death often was listed
as inflammation of a body organ--such
as, brain or lung--but this was purely a
descriptive term and is not helpful in
identifying the actual underlying
Jail fever: See typhus.
Jaundice: Yellow discoloration of the
skin, whites of the eyes, and mucous
membranes, due to an increase of bile
pigments in the blood. Synonym: icterus.
Kidney stone: See gravel.
Kings evil: A popular name for scrofula.
The name originated in the time of
Edward the Confessor, with the belief
that the disease could be cured by the
touch of the king of England.
Lockjaw: Tetanus, a disease in which the
jaws become firmly locked together.
Synonyms: trismus, tetanus.
Lung Fever: pneumonia
Lung Sickness: Tuberculosis
Malignant fever: See typhus.
Marasmus: Malnutrition occurring in
infants and young children, caused by an
insufficient intake of calories or
Meningitis: Inflammation of the meninges
characterized by high fever, severe
headache, and stiff neck or back
muscles. Synonym: brain fever.
Milk Sick: poisoning resulting from the
drinking of milk produced by a cow who
had eaten a plant known as white snake
Neuralgia: Sharp and paroxysmal pain
along the course of a sensory nerve.
Paristhmitis: See quinsy.
Petechial fever: See typhus.
Phthisis: See consumption.
Plague/Black Death: Bubonic Plague
Pleurisy: Inflammation of the pleura,
the lining of the chest cavity. Symptoms
are chills, fever, dry cough, and pain
in the affected side (a stitch).
Pneumonia: Inflammation of the lungs
Potts Disease: Tuberculosis of the
Putrid fever: See typhus.
Putrid sore throat: Ulceration of an
acute form, attacking the tonsils
Pyrexia: See dysentery.
Quinsy: An acute inflammation of the
tonsils, often leading to an abscess.
Synonyms: suppurative tonsillitis,
cynanche tonsillaris, paristhmitis, sore
Scarlatina: Scarlet fever. A contagious
Scrofula: Primary tuberculosis of the
lymphatic glands, especially those in
the neck. A disease of children and
young adults. Synonym: king's evil.
Septic: Infected, a condition of local
or generalized invasion of the body by
Ship fever: See typhus.
Softening Of The Brain: cerebral
Spotted fever: See typhus.
Summer complaint: See cholera infantum.
Suppuration: The production of pus.
Teething: The entire process which
results in the eruption of the teeth.
Nineteenth-century medical reports
stated that infants were more prone to
disease at the time of teething.
Symptoms were restlessness, fretfulness,
convulsions, diarrhea, and painful and
swollen gums. The latter could be
relieved by lancing over the protruding
tooth. Often teething was reported as a
cause of death in infants. Perhaps they
became susceptible to infections,
especially if lancing was performed
without antisepsis. Another explanation
of teething as a cause of death is that
infants were often weaned at the time of
teething; perhaps they then died from
drinking contaminated milk, leading to
an infection, or from malnutrition if
watered-down milk was given.
Tetanus: An infectious, often-fatal
disease caused by a specific bacterium
that enters the body through wounds.
Synonyms: trismus, lockjaw.
Thrush: A disease characterized by
whitish spots and ulcers on the
membranes of the mouth, tongue, and fauces
(the passage between the back of the
mouth and the pharynx) caused by a parasitic fungus.
Synonyms: aphthae, sore mouth, aphthous
Trismus nascentium or neonatorum: A form
of tetanus seen only in infants, almost
invariably in the first five days of
Typhoid fever: An infectious, often-fatal
disease, usually occurring in the summer
months--characterized by intestinal
inflammation and ulceration. The name
came from the disease's similarity to
typhus (see below). Synonym: enteric
Typhus: An acute, infectious disease
transmitted by lice and fleas. The
epidemic or classic form is louse borne;
the endemic or murine is flea borne.
Synonyms: typhus fever, malignant fever
(in the 1850s), jail fever, hospital
fever, ship fever, putrid fever, brain
fever, bilious fever, spotted fever,
petechial fever, camp fever.
Winter Fever: pneumonia
Yellow fever: An acute, often-fatal,
infectious disease of warm
climates--caused by a virus transmitted
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Purifiers and Nerve Tonics left few
claims out if the list of ailments they
could cure. Dr. Green's for example for
example, listed scrofula, Rheumatism,
Neuralgia, Kidney Complaint, Liver
Complaint, Lung Trouble, Salt Rheum,
Constipation, Piles, Jaundice, Loss of
Appetite, Female Weakness, Dyspepsia and
Nervousness. And testimonials from happy
users added yet more.
roots, barks and other natural products
were sold by the Shakers to support
their communities. Capitalizing on their
reputation, the A. J. White Company
launched several products using their
name, the Shaker Soothing Plasters being
a representative example. Plasters today
are infrequently used, but still are an
effective means of providing counter
cocaine has some positive medical
indication, it is doubtful that its use
in toothache drops is one of them.
Lloyd's Toothache Drops were registered
in 1885 and must have been a quick
success, for shortly thereafter the firm
stated that the product's "wonderful
properties are fully demonstrated by the
many recommendations it is daily
and after pictures are natural
illustration for proprietary medicines,
and this 1872 card for Hamilton's Buchu
and Dandelion is a classic example. The
ingredients, buchu and dandelion, have
excellent diuretic properties, giving
patients evidence of some activity, but
this does not necessarily mean that they
are good for "all diseases of the kidney
5 H. H. Warner made his first
fortune as a pioneer in the manufacture
of safes in Rochester, New York. His
company later became part of the Mosler
Safe Company, and because of his
background, Warner felt it appropriate
to use the name "safe" in several of his
products, including the Rheumatic Cure.
Undoubtedly this word in the title aided
reason Mrs. Winslow's Soothing Syrup was
effective in calming teething children
was that it contained morphine,
prompting some physicians and
journalists to call it a "babykiller."
In the nineteenth-century, the British
public was better protected that the
American, since their labels for this
product had to be marked "Poison."
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